Pathology / Lab Medicine

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Introduction

The Department of Pathology actively shared the goals of patient care, education, research and functions as a teaching Department for MBBS, B.Sc (Hons.) Nursing and Post graduate MD Pathology students. The principals of andragogy and innovative teaching methods are employed for pathology education, which includes integrated teaching, case-based and problem-based learning.

A Modular Practical Laboratory for teaching students with image capture and display facility to teach real time pathology from glass slides is available with the department. Hands on practical with OSPE based assessment and tutorials are taken up, besides didactic lectures of undergraduate with involvement of postgraduate students. Use of Index Cards and Similies has further enhanced the quality of undergraduate teaching along with their use in OSPE in the exams.

A Pathology Museum has been set up in the college building, which has a varied range of specimens required for teaching MBBS students. System-wise wet surgical pathology specimens are being established for Post graduate teaching and evaluation. Pentahead microscope is available for reporting and teaching of postgraduate students. A departmental library, well-stocked with latest books in different sections, is available to support Faculty and students during reporting and teaching time.

Regular participation in Clinico-Pathological Conferences with clinical specialties, is carried out by the Faculty of the Department. To develop research acumen in students, the students are encouraged to participate in programs such as short-term studentship (STS) projects of ICMR under the monitoring of faculty members.

The Department caters to the needs of the AIIMS hospital with the back-up of state-of-the-art, high throughput, automated equipment and high-end microscopes used for timely, synoptic and protocol-based reporting.

Histopathology Laboratory is fully automated immunohistochemistry, polarizing microscopy, special histochemical stains and Frozen section is available and being carried out routinely. Cytopathology Laboratory services, Cervical smear reporting, Cytocentrifuge for CSF and other fluid cytology, samples for Bronchoscopy and USG, CT Guided FNAC facilities are also available.

The department runs FNA Clinic on daily basis, in the IPD Block with on site evaluation of cytological material and preparation of Cell Blocks is carried out regularly. Routine and microscopic urinalysis is carried out daily.

The Diagnostic services offered by the Department of Pathology are being conducted from first floor of administrative/college building for Histopathology, Central Laboratory Services including Haematology & Cytopathology from fourth floor, IPD building and Clinical Pathology services (Urine, Body fluids and PAP smears) from the basement of OPD building.

It also provides 24-hour emergency services for patient care in the IPD building.

The department strives to excel in offer expert consultation and quality patient care in sub-specialties of Histopathology, Cytopathology, Hematopathology and Clinical Pathology, besides providing teaching to medical students, the basic understanding of disease and relate its importance with clinical findings through an integrated approach.

The department is creating an enabling environment to encourage research activities for medical students, residents and faculty. The specialized patient care facilities available are, diagnostic full panel IHC markers by fully automated system, frozen section facility, coagulation profile, HPLC, flow cytometry. An Immunofluorescence laboratory is now established and ready to start the facility for Dermatopathology and Nephropathology cases.

FUTURE PLANS

The department is looking forward to develop a Molecular Pathology Laboratory, and to start BMLT courses to train technicians in various subspecialties of Pathology.

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Clinical Services:

  • Centralized blood collection facility
  • Tests:
    • Complete Haemogram (CBC)
    • Absolute Eosinophil Count
    • Absolute Basophil Count
    • Absolute Neutrophils Count
    • Haemoglobin
    • Hb, TLC, DLC, Platelet Count
    • TLC, DLC
    • RBC indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, RBC Count)
    • PCV/HCT
    • Platelet Count
    • Reticulocyte count
    • Blood smear for Parasite
    • Peripheral smear
    • Blood Group
    • Erythrocyte Sediment rate (ESR)
    • Bone marrow Aspiration
    • Bone marrow Biopsy
    • Prothrombin Time (PT)
    • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
    • Factor VIII (Assay)
    • Factor IX (Assay)
    • Fibrinogen (Clotting method)
    • Plasma D-Dimer
    • FDP
    • Antrithrombin
    • Thrombin time
    • Protein C Activity
    • Protein S Antigen, Free
    • LUPUS ANTICOAGULANT (LAC)
    • HPLC
    • Body Fluids For TLC & DLC
    • Flow cytometry Acute Leukaemia
    • Flow cytometry CLPD
    • Flow cytometry PNH panel
    • Sickle cell Test
    • Osmotic Fragility
    • Urine routine
    • Pap Smear
    • Cytology
    • Mixing Study/Inhibitor Screen (APTT Based)
  • Histopathology
  • Special Stain
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Cytopathology including PAP smear, Fluid cytology, Guided and Unguided (USG & CT guided) FNAC and biopsy (in children also with facility of Anesthesia)
  • Special Haematology: PBS
  • BMA and Biopsy
  • Inhibitors Screening Program for Hemophilia patients is presently running in the department of pathology in collaboration with Haemophilia Society, Patna chapter, started from January 2020.
Teaching & Training

The department runs Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Paramedical and Nursing teaching and training. From time to time the department organizes workshop for the faculties and residents and encourages them to attend national and international academic meetings and workshops to update their knowledge.

The faculty members actively participate in CME’s, Conferences in-house and are invited as speaker, chairperson, panelist in-house and out-side the Institute. The department attends Tumor board meetings on regular basis.

Postgraduate teaching and training activities

The department conducts Inter and Intradepartmental seminars, Journal club, subject seminars, gross and slide seminars for the PGs. Post-graduate students are also posted to pre and para clinical subjects for orientation and understanding of the different pathophysiology of different diseases.

SL No.Name of FacultyDesignation
1.Dr. Punam Prasad BhadaniProfessor & Head
2.Dr. Ruchi SinhaProfessor
3.Dr. Shreekant BhartiAssistant Professor
4.Dr. SurabhiAssistant Professor
5.Dr. Tarun KumarAssistant Professor
6.Dr. Jitendra Singh NigamAssistant Professor

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