Neonatology

Introduction

The Department of Neonatology’s work encompasses training and education, tool development research, advocacy, policy development, and dissemination. Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness, Neonatal Resuscitation Program, Newborn Nursing, Kangaroo Mother Care, Neonatal–Perinatal Database and Networking, Essential Care for Every Newborn of the Global Alliance, home and community-based newborn care, maternal newborn and child health (MNCH) technologies, and newborn health programming are among the areas of special focus.

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  1. Neonatal ICU: The neonatal intensive care unit is being strengthened to become a Level III NICU capable of providing comprehensive neonatal intensive care. The admissions which totaled 50 in 2015-16, 159 in 2017-18, raised to 292 in 2018-2019. The admissions decreased from the previous year's census of 285 due to the COVID pandemic and our hospital being designated as COVID exclusive facility, however, between April 2020 and March 2021, 123 neonates were admitted.
  2. PNC Services: A total of 331 babies were given new born care along the mother's side in the Postnatal ward (PNC), of which, 243 babies were delivered via LSCS and 88 vaginally.
  3. Neonatal Screening: Neonatal thyroid screening was initiated in 2018-2019 for all newborns delivered at AIIMS Patna. With the assistance of the Biochemistry department, the newborn screening services were expanded from thyroid screening to three screening tests, including 17OHP for congenital adrenal hyperplasia, TSH for congenital hypothyroidism, and G6PD for its deficiency via filter paper test.
  4. Neonatal Follow-Up Clinic: High Risk Neonatal follow-up clinic for neonates discharged from the NICU is held On Tuesdays, and 'Well Baby' follow-up clinic is held on Thursdays.
  5. Deliveries during COVID: 52 COVID-positive women had their deliveries performed at AIIMS PATNA. The babies were kept in the NICU after birth, separated from their mothers, and two NPS Swabs were sent for COVID RT PCR tests 24 hours apart. The baby was discharged after both test results came back negative. Two babies had 'COVID positive' report but were asymptomatic, and a repeat RT PCR revealed that they were negative.

Education & Teaching:

  1. As a component of a comprehensive paediatric education programme, lectures and tutorials were delivered to MBBS students.
  2. On Wednesday and Friday, Nursing Officers and SR attend a regular class in the NICU to improve care.
  3. PG Neonatal Training Posted under Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
  4. Postgraduate training in obstetric and paediatric surgery in the NICU

SL No.Name of FacultyDesignationDate of Joining
1.Dr. Bhabesh Kant ChoudharyAssistant Professor & Head18th August 2018

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